Everything you Need to Know about Johor
Johor was known in its early days as ‘Ujong Tanah’ meaning Land’s End. The present name Johor comes from an adaptation of the Arabic word ‘Jauhar’ which means precious stone or jewel.
It was founded in the early 1500s, by Sultan Ahmad Shah, the heir of Sultan Mahmud Shah, the last Sultan of Malacca before it fell into Portuguese hands. This Empire was then controlled by the Bugis of Celebes and the Minangkabaus of Sumatra in the 18th century. With British intervention, the state fell into the control of one Daing Ibrahim, who took the title of Sultan. His son, Sultan Abu Bakar, prospered Johor, developing its own constitution and efficiently administrating the state. For his efforts, Johor was the only state in Malaysia not completely controlled by the British right up till Independence Day.
Johor has a diverse cultural heritage and some gazetted rainforests, namely the Endau-Rompin range. Most of the economic sectors are concentrated in manufacturing and industry, but visitors will find that Johor has some spectacular places to see, especially those concerning history.
Johor's economy is dominated by agriculture, manufacturing, commerce and tourism. It is also Malaysia's main producer of palm oil, rubber, pineapples and bananas. Many industrial estates manufacturing electronic components, electrical appliances, furniture, textiles and petrochemical products can be found near Johor Bahru and other major towns.
Geography & Climate
The third largest state of Malaysia is located in the southern tip of the Peninsular, occupying a land space 18,841sqkm with a population of about 2.5 million.
Johor is a tropical state, with a relatively stable temperature within the range of 26°C to 27°C throughout the year. January through April is generally dry and warm, but humidity in the lowlands is consistently 82-86% annually. Average rainfall a year ranges from 2,030mm to 3,050mm. Do take note that the wettest months are from May till December.
Town & Districts
Its capital is Johor Bahru, a busy cosmopolitan city that is the gateway to Singapore via the Causeway. The State of Johor consists of eight main districts, namely Johor Bahru, Batu Pahat, Muar, Kluang, Mersing, Kota Tinggi, Segamat and Pontian.