Everything you Need to Know about Negeri Sembilan
The Malaysian state of Negeri Sembilan means 'nine states'. This is because it really did consist of nine, not states, but separate districts under the rule of nine separate Malay chieftains. Negeri Sembilan's capital city is Seremban, a thriving capital city well connected to Kuala Lumpur, a mere 50km away, by both road and rail.
It is the Minangkabaus who hold the key to the history of Negeri Sembilan. The Minangkabaus were immigrants from West Sumatra who settled in Negeri Sembilan between the 15th and 16th century, at the height of the Malaccan Sultanate.
They continued the practice of their rich cultural heritage, which continues on today in the form of the fascinating Adat Perpatih, a matrilineal system of rule and inheritance, unique only to Negeri Sembilan. The Minangkabaus and their adats, or traditions, are indeed to be credited with Negeri Sembilan's many interesting aspects. This is clearly seen and felt even today, especially in the customs of marriage, ownership of property and dance forms.
The Negeri Sembilan that the early Minangkabaus knew was a rather loose confederation of nine fiefdoms in a secluded valley of the region. It was only in 1773, and with Raja Melewar as the Yam Tuan or ruler, that the nine separate fiefdoms of Sungai Ujong, Rembau, Johol, Jelebu, Naning, Segamat, Ulu Pahang, Jelai and Kelang were unified.
Negeri Sembilan's modern history then began with British intervention in the districts of Sungai Ujong, Rembau and Jelebu. In Sungai Ujong, the British took the opportunity to intervene in the region's politics by taking part in and then ending, the conflict between Dato' Kelana and Dato' Bandar, which was affecting the tin trade along the Linggi River. The British's support of Dato' Kelana was rewarded by the appointment of W.A. Pickering as British Resident in 1874.
Come 1889, a treaty was signed between the Yam Tuan Seri Menanti and the four Datuk Undangs, installing the Yam Tuan as ruler of Negeri Sembilan, who was to be 'aided' by Martin Lister as the first British Resident of Negeri Sembilan.
Negeri Sembilan Information
Negeri Sembilan is an agricultural state, whose products include oil palm and rubber, livestock, fruit orchards and vegetable farming. About 309,850 hectares of the state's land are oil palm and rubber plantations.
With the establishment of several industrial estates, the manufacturing industry has become a major economic contributor to Negeri Sembilan. Manufacturing activities concentrate on electrical items, machinery, metalworks, textiles, chemicals and rubber industries.The main industrial areas are Senawang, Tuanku Jaafar Industrial Park, Nilai, Sungai Gadut and Tanah Merah in Port Dickson. Negeri Sembilan's industrial areas cover a total of 2015 hectares.
Geography & Climate
Negeri Sembilan covers a 6,645sqkm area with some lovely flat plains. Towards the west, the plains taper off to gradually become rubber and oil palm plantations.
The state offers bright sunny days and cool nights the whole year through with occasional showers. Temperatures vary from 23 to 33 degrees Celsius, and humidity is normally above 82.3%. As in most equatorial countries, expect rain throughout the year, but do take note that the months of September through November tend to be the wettest.
Town & Districts
Negeri Sembilan is divided into five districts; Seremban, Tampin, Port Dickson, Jelebu and Kuala Pilah. The capital town is Seremban while the royal town is Sri Menanti. Major towns include Gemas, Kuala Klawang, Lukut and Rantau.