The state of Perak is Peninsular Malaysia’s second largest at 21 sq. km wide. The name ‘Perak’, which means silver, was gleaned from the glittering tin ore found in abundance.
Perak's modern-day history began when Sultan Muzaffar Shah I, a descendent of Sultan Mahmud Shah of Malacca, became the state's sultan in 1528. In 1848, it became prominent when Long Jaafar discovered tin in Larut, Taiping. This was a big boost to Perak's economy, and started the era of tin mining.
But tin brought with it the attentions of the resource-searching British who took the opportunity to intervene in Perak through the signing of the Pangkor Treaty in 1874 after a riot in Larut. Perak was then plunged into the British's Residential system, and the administration of the autocratic James W.W. Birch as Perak's first British Resident.
Birch's administration of the state ended in tragedy for both him and the locals, with an uprising led by the local Datuk Maharaja Lela against Birch in 1875. This was thankfully followed by a peaceful and fruitful period of administration by the charismatic Hugh Low, Perak's second British Resident. The Second World War then saw the state occupied by the Japanese army, until after the war before becoming independent along with the rest of Malaysia in 1957.
Today, Perak has shifted from being a busy commercial area for tin to a diverse manufacturing state. Agriculture is one of Perak’s main industries, especially those concerning rubber, coconut and palm oil. Tourism is fast catching on as more and more people discover Perak’s hidden gems in the form of natural attractions and cultural sights.
|1:||Penang Times Square Birch Plaza|
|2:||Dorsett Grand Labuan|
|3:||The Andaman, a Luxury Collection Resort, Langkawi|
|4:||Prince Hotel & Residence|
|5:||Hotel Istana KL|
|6:||The Westin Langkawi Resort|
|7:||Ombak Villa at Langkawi Lagoon Resort|
|8:||Seri Pacific Hotel|
|9:||Hotel Maya Kuala Lumpur|
|10:||Le Meridien Kuala Lumpur|
Before recession hit the economies of countries and states world wide, Perak was one of Malaysia's wealthiest. But the 1980s saw the collapse of the tin industry, crippling Perak’s economy.
Prices plummeted and once lucrative mines were forced to close. This, in turn, forced the Perak State Government to make a firm decision to diversify the economy's base towards the more value added, resource-linked manufacturing.
Today, Perak has made the best of its circumstances. The economy is growing through the industrial sector; its sound infrastructure and world class facilities of make it an ideal environment for businesses.
As Perak is the second largest state in Peninsular Malaysia, it boasts 21,000 sq. km of land, making up 6.4 percent of total land banks in Malaysia.
Perak's days are warm and sunny, while its nights are cool the whole year through, with occasional rains in the evenings. Temperature is fairly constant, that is, from 23°C to 33°C, with humidity often more than 82.3 percent. Annual rainfall measures at 3,218 mm.
Perak has nine districts. The capital is Ipoh, which once a tin-rich mining town but has now become a peaceful city with a majority Chinese population. Its major towns include the royal town of Kuala Kangsar; the mountainous Taiping, the tranquil Teluk Intan and coastal Lumut. The state's nine districts are Batang Padang, Hilir Perak, Manjung, Perak Tengah, Kinta, Kuala Kangsar, Larut, Matang and Selama, Krian and Hulu Perak.